Get to know ‘smallpox’, a new epidemic that should not overlook.

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Get to know ‘smallpox‘, a new epidemic that should not overlook.

Monkeypox is a disease caused by a DNA virus named monkey pox, a virus in the group. Orthopoxvirus which has cause infection in animals before and can infected from animals to humans The original outbreak area was in central to western Africa and then spread to other regions. Although monkeypox has similar symptoms to human smallpox, But monkeypox is less capable of spreading disease. And the nature of the disease is much less severe than human smallpox.

                    This monkeypox virus It can be divided into two strains: the Central African strain (clade 1) and the West African strain (clade 2). The Central African strain has a more severe infection and may spread the infection more easily. Report from ยูฟ่าเบท

How is monkeypox transmitte?

                    Smallpox is transmitte by direct contact. Both from animals to humans (including rodents, squirrels, and monkeys) and from people to people who are close to an infected person.

  • Direct contact with the rash, contact with blood, contact with various secretions from the body such as mucus, saliva, coughing or sneezing, or from objects contaminated with the virus.
  • Contact through large droplets from the respiratory tract. Found in people who are close to talk for a long time
  • Can be transmitted from mother to child through the placenta.

Are the symptoms of monkeypox serious?

When infected with smallpox Symptoms can occur within 6 – 13 days, or may occur up to 21 days (also known as the incubation period), with the classic symptoms of monkeypox. Can be divided into 2 phases

  1. Period of infection entering the body Patients infected with smallpox will have fever, headaches, muscle aches, fatigue, and most importantly, enlarged lymph nodes. This is different from chickenpox. or human smallpox This period of symptoms may last up to 5 days.
  2. The rash period occurs within 3 days after having a fever. The rash looks like a flat rash. Then gradually bulge into a clear water blister. or pustules and finally breaks into flakes and falls off The rash appears more often on the face and arms, legs, palms, and soles of the feet than on the body. It can be found in various mucous membranes such as the mouth, eyes, and genitals.

However, in the past year 2022, smallpox outbreak has spread worldwide. 

Especially in Europe and America. And confirmed cases have also been found in Thailand. The symptoms of most patients may differ from the original symptoms, including:

  1. Fever can occur before the rash, during the rash, or after the rash appears. Some monkeypox patients may not have a fever.
  2. Rash: Most people come to the doctor’s office with blisters and pustules. or flakes The rash can be found in many stages at once. And there is often pain in the rash.
  3. The number of rashes is not much. The study found that more than 60 percent of patients had less than 10 rashes and sores on the genitals or anus. with no rash anywhere else, up to 10 percent
  4. Rash location: Most commonly found in the genital area. Next is on the body, arms, legs, face. There may be rashes on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet. Most are found in many areas at the same time.

Most of the symptoms are mild. But if severe symptoms are found It is usually caused by repeated infections in the lungs. The infection spread to the brain. Encephalitis occurred Some people have corneal infections. can cause loss of vision People with severe symptoms have a 3 – 6% chance of dying.

Treatment of monkeypox and skin care when infected with smallpox

  1. If monkeypox is not treated In most patients The nature of the disease will resolve itself within 2 – 4 weeks.
  2. Treatment of monkeypox It is a palliative treatment, such as giving intravenous fluids. Preventing repeated bacterial infections, etc.
  3. Caring for skin infected with smallpox According to the recommendations of the World Health Organization, they are as follows:
    • Refrain from scratching the rash.
    • Keep the skin clean and not damp. To prevent further bacterial infection
    • You should wash your hands with soap. or alcohol Before and after exposure to the rash
    • Clean the rash with clean water. or disinfectant
    • The rash should not be completely covered. But the rash should be opened to allow ventilation.
    • If the rash has pain, swelling, redness, or pus, it is recommended that you see a doctor immediately.